The key findings are
- Farmers (project participants) have not received monetary benefits.
- Farmers have limited awareness about climate resilient agriculture and carbon credits.
- Two revenue-sharing models: In the first there is no revenue sharing as carbon project is built on existing watershed project for internal auditing; the second project shares revenue with farmers.
- Local implementation partner is important for effective project execution.
- Local community experienced social benefits such as improved water availability, increased Rabi season cultivation and women participation in agriculture.
- Initial adoption of sustainable practices was incentivized by discounts on services such as drone pesticide application.
- Project developers feel that lack of a regulated market, low prices and lower demand for Indian carbon credits makes such projects financially unsustainable.
- Continued adoption is context specific. For example, abundant rainfall led to discontinuation of Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) in the Telangana project.